En este mes de febrero se cumplen 155 años del final de la servidumbre en Rusia, un momento clave en la Historia de la condición humana, casi contemporáneo al de la abolición de la esclavitud en EEUU. (…)
En este mes de febrero se cumplen 155 años del final de la servidumbre en Rusia, un momento clave en la Historia de la condición humana, casi contemporáneo al de la abolición de la esclavitud en EEUU. (…)
Por Viktor Shapinov
Hace tiempo que la lucha contra la oligarquía se ha convertido en un lema común en Ucrania, aunque el contenido detrás de esos eslóganes es escaso. La necesidad de esa lucha era conocida por la práctica totalidad de los políticos y fuerzas políticas, que a su vez gastaron grandes cantidades de dinero en campañas electorales pagadas por el gran capital. Los votantes ucranianos simplemente dejaron de creer en esos lemas contra la oligarquía y se resignaron a votar por el protegido de “su” oligarca. El principio “nuestro hijo de puta” ha funcionado en todos los procesos electorales recientes, en los que el resultado se reducía a representantes de la oligarquía “ucraniana” contra la oligarquía “de habla rusa”. Incluso el Partido Comunista de Ucrania, que debería haber aprendido a luchar contra el gran capital del propio Marx, prefirió evitar el peligroso camino de esa lucha y se acomodó en la búsqueda de alianzas con grupos de oligarcas vencedores.
Así llegó el invierno de 2013-2014, cuando el delicado equilibrio del consenso oligárquico quedó roto, primero por los vientos de la crisis global y después por la brutal interferencia de fuerzas extranjeras en la lucha política interna en el país.
En parte por la reducción del botín que los grupos oligárquicos se repartían y en parte por el exceso de codicia del séquito de Viktor Yanukovich, la oligarquía ucraniana al completo se unió en la lucha contra el clan Yanukovich, que incluía tanto familiares como amigos cercanos al presidente. Prácticamente sin excepción, los oligarcas del país apoyaron el Maidan.
A pesar de ciertas dudas iniciales, incluso el “jefe” de Donbass, Rinat Ajmetov, apoyó a los manifestantes de Maidan. Durante una reunión frente a frente con el oligarca, la representante de Estados Unidos, Victoria Nuland, dio con los argumentos necesarios para atraer al oligarca, principal patrocinador del Partido de las Regiones, a los ideales de la “revolución de la dignidad”. En mayo de 2014, mientras el ejército ucraniano bombardeaba barrios residenciales de Slavyansk y Kramatorsk, este “patriota de Donbass” respaldaba a Poroshenko en su investidura.
El jefe de la administración presidencial, Sergei Levochkin, también pasó al lado de los manifestantes. Su esposa incluso se unió a las protestas. Aunque pueda parecer extraño ahora, parte del clan Yanukovich llegó incluso a invertir dinero en Maidan con la esperanza de que las protestas contribuirían a reemplazar al primer ministro Azarov con “nuestro hijo de puta” Sergei Arbuzov, amigo del hijo del presidente.
La alianza coyuntural de la oligarquía contra Yanukovich se forjó bajo patrocinio de Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea, que hábilmente utilizó el juego político para exigir a la oligarquía ucraniana un “juramento de lealtad” a los “ideales de la integración europea”. Apenas meses antes de la victoria de Maidan, la embajada de Estados Unidos se convirtió en el único mediador entre los diferentes clanes y, a finales de 2015, los políticos ucranianos ya alardeaban con orgullo de aquellas medidas que habían encontrado la aprobación de los funcionarios estadounidenses.
Pero la unión de la oligarquía supuso un efecto secundario inesperado para las élites ucranianas: el sudeste del país se quedó sin “sus hijos de puta”. Y comenzaron las protestas verdaderamente populares, reprimidas por la fuerza en Odessa y Járkov; con éxito en Donetsk y Lugansk.
Yanukovich huyó humillado y sin preocuparse por “su” sudeste. Hay que recordar que fue él quien inició el proceso de integración europea, impopular en las regiones de habla rusa y que supuso la transformación de Ucrania en una colonia económica de la Unión Europea. De ahí que a la cabeza de las protestas populares contra el golpe de estado nacionalista no hubiera líderes del Partido de las Regiones sino nuevas figuras que no se habían desacreditado a ojos de la población colaborando con los partidos y coaliciones oligárquicas.
Al otro lado, a la cabeza de la victoriosa “revolución de la dignidad” en Kiev, se encontraban las mismas caras ya conocidas: Petro Poroshenko, cofundador del Partido de las Regiones y ministro de Desarrollo Económico con Yanukovich y los oligarcas nombrados gobernadores Kolomoisky y Taruta. Entre las “nuevas caras”, la única con un puesto con autoridad para tomar decisiones es el expresidente georgiano Mijail Saakashvili.
La influencia de los oligarcas en las Repúblicas Populares comenzó a decaer. En su mayor parte, los viejos funcionarios leales a los oligarcas huyeron y fueron sustituidos por caras nuevas que comenzaron el proceso de construcción del estado. Sin embargo, las estructuras de clanes y las propiedades oligárquicas se mantuvieron en Donbass, aunque el equilibrio de poder hubiera cambiado. Los directos y evidentes intentos de “regresar” a Donbass se encontraron con la decidida resistencia de las autoridades, como ocurrió con Kurchenko, cuyos negocios fueron expresamente prohibidos en la RPD y la RPL después de sus maniobras relacionadas con el suministro de carburantes en el verano de 2015. La nacionalización ha pasado de ser un lema popular a convertirse, gradualmente, en la realidad habitual del día a día de Donbass. El resto de Ucrania, al contrario, se prepara para desprenderse las últimas posesiones lucrativas del Estado, incluyendo puertos y redes ferroviarias.
Los retrasos de la parte ucraniana a la hora de implementar los acuerdos de Minsk también han colaborado a que continúe el proceso de apartar a la oligarquía. La influencia de los oligarcas ucranianos disminuye, mientras que, por suerte, sus homólogos rusos no se han apresurado hacia Donbass por temor a las sanciones y a las dificultades de trabajar en las repúblicas no reconocidas por la Federación Rusa. Donbass permanece “suspendido” entre dos centros de gravedad económicos y políticos –Rusia y Ucrania-, lo que supone una oportunidad única para aplicar políticas contrarias a la oligarquía en lugar de medidas neoliberales.
Sea cual sea el destino de la RPD y la RPL, sus éxitos en la lucha contra la oligarquía deben conservarse como el principal éxito de la revolución de Donbass. Si el proceso de paz queda congelado (y todo apunta en ese sentido), la no reconocida “segunda Transnistria” será libre para elegir un modelo económico sin mirar necesariamente a los modelos dominantes. En el mejor de los casos, la RPD y la RPL pueden convertirse en un “experimento” para políticas económicas socialdemócratas siguiendo el espíritu del “informe Glazyev”. Los éxitos de estas reformas podrían mostrar un camino para salir de la crisis que las autoridades rusas parecen incapaces de solucionar.
Los éxitos de las repúblicas en su lucha contra la oligarquía pueden mantenerse incluso si, por algún milagro, Ucrania opta por implementar los acuerdos de Minsk. Al fin y al cabo, no hay nada en los acuerdos de Minsk que exija la devolución de la propiedad nacionalizada a los oligarcas.
Las autoridades de la RPD y la RPL deben utilizar la frágil e incierta tregua que siguió a Minsk para combatir al enemigo interno que es la oligarquía ucraniana. Así que, adelante, 2016: año de la lucha contra la oligarquía.
El autentico motivo es destruir, mediante acuerdos internacionales y palabras bonitas (=eufemismos) cualquier anelo de un mundo multipolar.
Nota: Esta info esta dedicada a aquellos que en verdad quieran descubrir lo que en verdad fue el 3er Reich, y no lo que nos han contado las hordas de periodistas-manipuladores Atlantistas, y que nos recuerdan anualmente con el Holocausto, que no esta probada.
LIFE IN THE THIRD REICH
by Friedrich Kurreck
The rise of Hitler, his achievements, why the Germans loved and supported him, the true reasons for the war and who was behind it, as well as, a comparison of the world political situation then and now, with a critique of modern day Germany (the FRG).
The article first appeared as series of articles in the weekly newspaper, ‘Der Schlesier’, between July 26 to August 16th, 2002 and it was translated by Eric Thomson. I have re-formatted it for easier reading and added a number of graphics. Download a printable free pdf version here.
Friedrich Kurreck stated:
I am happy to inform you about our life in Hitler’s time, for today’s politicians and mass media are purposefully untruthful about that time. I am a Thüringer who grew up in a farming family with seven children, and I have vividly experienced Hitler’s time. My profession is that of certified engineer, for which I began my studies in Thüringen. I had a scholarship, since my mother could not provide money for tuition after my father was killed by lightning. Under National Socialism, it was no problem for a member of a numerous family to obtain a scholarship plus living expenses. One had merely to fill out an application.
As the English, with genocide intent, began bombing German cities’ populations of civilian men, women, children and elderly, I volunteered for the Air Force to become a pilot in order to shoot down the English terror bombers. In the course of the war, I served as pilot in a fighter squadron. After my imprisonment, I returned to my home in Thüringen, but I had to flee to West Germany, because my friends and others were being grabbed by the Communist criminals, never to return.
I completed my studies in West Germany, while earning my own living expenses. After six years of professional activities, I secured a position as chief engineer in a large West German industrial enterprise. I later founded my own development firm whose many inventions and developments enabled me to create many jobs for Germans.
Today’s decline in nearly every area of German society stems from the continual failures of the postwar political system and its politicians. Postwar West Germany was rebuilt by us, the young, former soldiers who returned from imprisonment, along with the men and women of our homeland. There were also many old and fit business managers who had, during the war, managed to increase war production under the hail of English and American bombs. All of us wanted to rebuild our Germany in the spirit of German unity. The BRD (Federal Republic of Germany) was presented to us as provisional, until the re-establishment of Germany. Today, the established politicians of all stripes tacitly take this provisional, unconstitutional BRD as permanent. No established politician of today has ever acknowledged this unacceptable situation for the future. The German Reich still has its legitimate existence. It is just not functioning! The fate of our politicians whom we elected in 1933 is generally known; the Nuremberg Judgements were blatant injustice!
THE GERMAN FOLK-COMMUNITY SPIRIT SURVIVED THE WAR.
Here is an example: The postwar Ruhr district was a huge heap of rubble as the English took away its remaining undamaged machinery to England as reparations. As you know, the Soviets did the same.
A general strike was called by the newly-established union to prevent the removal of a large 10,000 ton forging press. This was the biggest press in the world and it could have brought us economic advantages. I would also like to add that the union leader still thought as a German. This matter concerned the preservation of remaining jobs and the preservation of our people. This rally also found representatives of the Ruhr business in attendance. After the many fighting speeches had been made by the union side, a businessman asked to speak. He declared, “let them take the old thing. We used it to make our entire war production. We shall build new ones that are bigger and better!” At one stroke came the determined decision: “Yes, yes, yes!” was the answer. He had said the magic words. The old spirit of the folk-community was still alive and discoverable!
IN NATIONAL SOCIALISM THE WORKERS AND EMPLOYERS FORMED A UNITED FRONT AGAINST THE COMBINED ENEMIES OF CAPITALISM AND COMMUNISM.
The English took the old press to England, where it surely sits today. We young engineers of that time took these words to heart and subsequently constructed and built the most modern presses which gave us many production advantages over England and the other victor states, and brought about West Germany’s great rise to prosperity. England still had production facilities which were decades obsolete, as the norm for its industries. Over there, factories still had long drive-shafts from which transmission belts drove the individual machines. In Germany, we had already been using modern electric-powered machines, which is proven to be a great technical advantage; The English auto firms overtaken by the Germans, also bear witness today to the inefficiency of English businesses, which is also a source of the capitalist English hatred of the efficient Germans.
IN WORLD WAR II, ALMOST THE ENTIRE WORLD WAS CALLED UPON TO BEAT DOWN THE DILIGENT, BRAVE GERMANS IN A LONG, FORCED WAR.
Under Hitler, National Socialism emphasized the principle, as stated already, that workers and employers belong together as a united entity and they were not to be agitated nor played off against one another, contrary to the capitalist system of today.
During the course of my career, I have had to consider always this decisively correct and important concept. What can an employer do with ever so good inventions and developments, if he has no workers in his shop to produce them? Nothing! And vice versa: what can a very good worker do, if he has no employer whose business decisions can provide him with modern technology? Nothing!
The principle is that those who work with their heads and their hands, united with nationally-conscious employers, belong together as a team. This political principle, combined with our retreat from the capitalist gold standard, delivered us from the hopelessness and harm inflicted by the Versailles Dictate. Germany under Hitler was no longer the World War I victors’ object of plunder.
That was Hitler’s concept of folk community which is reviled and unheeded today. There is no remaining national consciousness in today’s politicians, or better said, today’s capitalist vassals. “Economic development through more mergers” are today’s magic words. Foreign capitalists now decide upon the elimination of German jobs. The playing off of workers against employers and vice-versa within the folk community is the foremost principle of today’s pseudo-democratic capitalist system. Today we see many negative examples in the economy where this has occurred. The German worker has finally become the football of foreign economic interests.
THIS IS CAPITALISM & GLOBALISM IN THEIR PUREST FORMS. WE MUST DEFEND OURSELVES AGAINST THEM WITH ALL OUR STRENGTH.
I would like to add, that under Hitler, the 6 to 7 million unemployed under the “Weimar Republic” were, for the most part, re-employed within two and one half years. Within five years, full employment was reached.
Hitler’s enemies claim today that full employment was only achieved by rearmament.
That is absolutely untrue!
Armaments began to play a big economic role for the first time in 1939, as England and France forced war upon us.
Here are the figures:
German Defence Industry Income from 1933 to 1939:
1933/34 RM 1.9 billion = 4% of the National Income
1934/35 RM 1.9 billion = 4% of the National Income
1935/36 RM 4 billion = 7% of the National Income
1936/37 RM 5.8 billion = 9% of the National Income
1937/38 RM 8.2 billion = 11% of the National Income
1938/39 RM 18.4 billion = 22% of the National Income
The above figures belie the Allied accusations that Germany armed her way out of the Great Depression. The economic situation of the so-called “Weimar Republic” began with the loss of World War I, which was waged by England against Germany in the form of encirclement and the unprecedented hunger blockade.
In his book, “Propaganda for War”, Prof. H.C. Peterson wrote:
“By 1918, approximately 763,000 Germans had died of malnutrition and sickness resulting from the blockade.” These Germans were children, women, old men — the weakest members of society.
Charles C. Tansill wrote in his book, “Back Door to War”:
“The signing of the armistice on November 11th, 1918 did not lift the blockade against Germany. Months after the end of the First World War, the Allied governments allowed no food to reach millions of starving people in Germany.”
IT WAS THEN ALREADY DECIDED UPON TO KILL OFF THE GERMAN PEOPLE.
Duff Cooper, First Lord of the Admiralty, wrote:
“We did everything in our power to starve the women and children of Germany.”
Churchill, who was even then an influential English politician, declared in an interview in the London Times:
“If Germany re-establishes her trade in the next 50 years, we shall have fought the war (First World War) in vain.”
All the anti-German hatred was put on paper at the conclusion of the Versailles Conference in 1919. Germany had to give its gold reserves to the rich victors, amounting to the unprecedented sum of 100 billion marks, in gold. This amount would also be revised upward! By comparison, France was required by the Frankfurt Peace Treaty of 1871 to withdraw from Elsass-Lothringen and to pay war reparations of 5 billion francs.
Since Germany could not pay such a huge amount of ‘reparations’, France took its share by occupying the Ruhr and Rheinland areas and diverted their coal production to France.
THE GERMAN PEOPLE FROZE AND STARVED.
Because of this enormous reparations figure, to be paid in gold, there was no longer any backing for the mark. This led to inflation. This wiped out the Germans’ savings. In those days, a loaf of bread cost 2 billion marks; at the end of the inflation, a pound of butter cost 2 trillion marks.
As a means of payment, the mark was only paper, without any backing! The introduction of the “revenue mark” in 1924 ended the inflation and revalued the mark. The revaluation did not solve the basic problem of unemployment, because of which the common folk and former workers lacked the simplest and most basic necessities of life, especially food.
The “Weimar Republic” years were for the German people distinguished by unemployment and hunger, a lack of warm housing in winter and a hopeless future. The urban suicide rate was very high. Children were the foremost victims of the pervasive poverty of those times. Because the government lacked viable alternatives and suffered from certain democratic defects, it could only rely upon emergency decrees. Hitler showed the proper direction to be taken by these bungling politicians of the 32 parties of those times. Of that, more later.
HOW DID I SURVIVE THIS ORDEAL?
Entire armies of unemployed streamed out from the cities, into the countryside, to beg food for their families. In the villages the unemployed offered to work as farmhands, just for something to eat. In autumn they gleaned the freshly-harvested potato fields for any potatoes which remained in the ground. The poor workers lacked money to buy coal for heating.
As winter approached, one could buy a so-called “wood licence” by paying a forester one mark. The owners of such licences had the right to gather broken branches as firewood from the state forests. In this way, the forests were cleared, and were not in the condition in which one finds them today. Every day, one saw columns with their handcarts, marching in the direction of the forests. Lying and cynical journalists prattle today about “The Golden Twenties”! Golden for whom? For the despoilers of the German people? Anything else is an additional, shameless sneer and lie against the multitudes of starving and freezing people of those times.
THE COMMUNIST PARTY ATTACKS THE FARMERS.
The farmers of Thüringen had mostly small holdings, no money and were often deeply in debt. Nevertheless, the Communists deemed them to be property owners, and as such, their political enemies.
Our small farm was ‘haunted’ by groups of these people, and was robbed again and again. These visits were characterized by rude and arrogant behavior, with orders to put food on the table for them, for free, of course! My father would say to my mother, “Give them all we have, or else they will burn down our house.” The night sky was often lit up by the flames of farmhouses which had been torched. People said it was done by the Communists.
In that time, anxiety was our constant companion. It was a revolutionary situation! Later, as Hitler established the Storm Troops (S.A.), this specter was quickly banished and relative order returned.
Throughout the mountain regions all over Germany, the common people were especially hard hit by the all-pervasive hunger.
GERMANY’S FREEDOM FROM INTERNATIONAL TYRANNY, DOMESTIC POLITICAL CHAOS, MASS UNEMPLOYMENT, POVERTY AND HUNGER
By means of a democratic election, Hitler took over the leadership of Germany on January 30th, 1933. What he took over was a totally bankrupt state, the “Weimar Republic”, with 6 to 7 million jobless workers. As I already mentioned, all German gold reserves had been taken by the rich victors of World War I as reparations. The treasury was empty!
All the German people were filled with hope for this new beginning under Hitler. He had promised us “Work and Bread”, and he kept his word, unlike the politicians of today’s “Second Republic on German Soil.” That we shall not forget!
For Hitler it was out of the question for Germany to become indebted to the Jewish bankers of international finance in order to develop the economy. He did not want to fall back into their interest-slavery! The National Socialist folk economy under Hitler thus stands in contrast to today’s politicians of the “German Federal Republic” (BRD) with its capitalist system of irresponsible debt-machinations.
Hitler had found a new way, and therein lie his great and unique accomplishments.
It is important for you to hear how ingeniously he did it, to the displeasure of the foreign capitalists. Hitler’s Way is called “Folk’s Economy”. Many of succeeding generations know very little about it, so I shall clarify: To alleviate the greatest need of the German people, “Winter Assistance Work” was immediately called into being. Its motto was: “No one shall starve and freeze!”
IT WAS A GREAT GATHERING OF DONATIONS FOR THE POOREST OF THE POOR IN GERMANY’S NEEDY MOUNTAIN REGIONS AND CITIES.
This was a first-rate social action, and it had great success. The poor people of these regions made small items, such as woodcarvings, glassware and the like, as tokens for donations received, quickly earning them work and bread. People displayed these tokens to show that they had done their bit to help the poor folk, which spurred the entire German folk to do likewise.
In order to provide work and bread to the millions of unemployed, the plan to “motorize” Germany was developed. The construction of autobahns was begun, using only German materials. As you know, today’s roads are paved with bitumen or asphalt. This petroleum product had to be imported and paid for in dollars, but we had no dollars. Thus was concrete slab construction invented. The roadway was made of concrete slabs laid together upon compacted earth. All necessary materials were available in Germany. The inventors and builders were the engineers, Dr. Todt and Dr. Dorpmüller.
GERMAN WORKERS, THAT IS, THE GERMAN FOLK, WERE TO DRIVE ON THE AUTOBAHNS.
The German auto industry made its proposal: the price per automobile would be between 1350 and 1600 Reichsmarks, but these prices were too high for Hitler. Hitler proposed the building of a new and modern auto for the folk. Dr. Porsche built this new auto, the Volkswagen. This auto was new in every respect and was the most-built and most economical car in the world. At that time it cost 995 Reichsmarks, which could be paid off in small installments We will not forget that “Volkswagen” was the word Hitler personally chose, a term which the postwar spirit has been unable to eradicate. Think about that when you see a VW.
In order to keep Germany independent of (largely Jewish) international finance, German chemists made tires from domestically available German materials, chiefly coal, by means of polymerization. The Buna Works in Merseburg was built for that purpose. The tires made of German artificial rubber were also stronger than those made of natural rubber.
Cars also need gasoline, and this is a distilled petroleum product. Oil could only be purchased from overseas with dollars, which we did not have. German inventiveness and enterprise produced gasoline from coal-liquification. Thus came about the Leuna Works at Merseburg. Even today, South Africa produces gasoline according to this technique. The German inventors were the chemists, Fiscner and Tropsch.
The Germans needed clothes, but cotton could only be purchased with dollars from overseas. It was thus under Hitler that the first practical rayon fiber was invented. The rayon factory remains today in Schwarza, Thüringen. Combined with German sheeps’ wool, this material made comfortable clothing. After Germany lost the war which was forced upon us, the Americans stole the patent for this fiber as war booty, and sold clothing made of it back to us, for dollars!
FOR THE RESTORATION OF THE ECONOMY, THE GERMAN STEEL INDUSTRY URGENTLY NEEDED IRON ORE.
There were no dollars available to purchase the rich iron ore of Sweden, with its iron content of 81% to 85%. Therefore, a new process, the ” Krupp-Renn Process”, was developed. This enabled us to use domestic German ore, with only 23% to 26% iron content.
The German miners, steelworkers and metal-working firms went back to work without being in debt to Jewish financiers of the victor states of England and America, thus avoiding their interest-slavery. Their displeasure was not only evident, but so was their desire to change this situation, by means of war, if necessary!
The construction of houses and apartments for workers was notable everywhere. The financing arrangements were quite reasonable. Newly-married couples with children received generous loans repayable in ten years, so they could buy a spacious house or apartment. The birth of the first child would cancel a quarter of the loan; four children would cancel the entire debt!
Hitler’s viewpoint was as follows: “Over a ten year period, a family with four children will not only earn more than just the amount of the loan, but will pay taxes on hundreds of useful items.”
The houses and apartments were naturally constructed according to the highest standards of public health, a factor for which previous worker housing projects were very negligent. In a few years, tax revenues tripled.
Before the end of 1933, Hitler succeeded in building 202,119 dwellings in accordance with his building program. Within four years, nearly l.5 million (1,458,128) were built for the German people.
The monthly rent for a worker, as prescribed by law, was not to exceed 26 Reichsmarks. That was about one eighth of his monthly earnings! Employees with higher incomes paid 45 Reichsmarks maximum. Compare this with today’s rents!
*Nota, este blog se basa en la busqueda de la verdad, la jurisdiccion de dicho blog, se basa en derecho natural/principios del derecho, nada que ver con normativa estatal privada, y cortes de justicia comerciales estatales, y contractuales, sino en un juzgado de derecho natural, no como persona y/o ciudadano, sino como ser humano y ante un juez natural, basandose en hechos no en religiones y/o creencias.
*El que bajo su propia voluntad y en su creencia de hacer el bien, sirviendo de perrito faldero a cualquier estado, y por tanto siguiendo sus normas internas de intentar perseguir la difusión de cierta informacion sensible, contrata por tanto conmigo, mis tarifas son de un minimo de 100€ la hora, hasta dilucidar cualquier error en dicha supuesta queja estatal, en cualquiera de los paieses/estados en donde lo haga, y aplicando el derecho natural.
Si la información expuesta aqui no agrada al que lo lee, que se baje al bar y tome lo que le guste, ya que dicha información esta previamente contrastada y en el futuro se modificará si no se ajusta a los hechos acaecidos en su momento, mediante la logica y la historia, ninguna creencia irán en contra de lo expuesto, aunque dichas creencias serán respetadas por el autor/es del blog, en ningún caso serán tenidas en cuenta para futuras modificaciones de los artículos si no hay buenos argumentos/razonamientos probados para sus futuros cambios.